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Einarsneset

 

Plant and bird reserve

Due to the rich and unique plant and birdlife the was protected in 1987.
Herr you will find large sand dune systems. old heatlands, bare rock face and idyllic small beaches.

 

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The sand dunes

The dunes are in constant movement. In dry weather the sand moves easily with the wind and new dunes are formed. Poweful winds tear on the dune fronts and reduce them in size. Different plants play an important role in forming the sand dunes. The plants break the wind and make the sand drop and new dunes build up. Between the sand dunes wet and vigorous depressions are formed; humid dune slacks.

 

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The plants

More than 300 different plants species are registered in Einarsneset. Many of these are rare. Over 90% of the population of sea holly is found here on Lista. You will see large areas of coastal heath land. This old vegetation type has developed through burning and feeding of livestock since 3000 years. Coastal heath land is a rare vegetation type throughout Europe. The heath land covered with scotch broom is the only marquis in Norway. A vegetation type usually found in southern Europe.

 

Birdlife

Einarsneset is especially important as feeding area during migration and wintertime. Common scoter, velvet scoter, long-tailed duck, great cormorant, common loon are regularly observed. You can also see rare species like surf scoter, red-necked grebe and horned grebe. Birds of prey include goshawk, sparrow hawk and peregrine falcon.

 

Cultural monuments

You can see several grave-mounds from the Stone Age. Cotters lived in Einarsneset from the beginning of the I7th century up until the middle of the 19th century, but had to leave due to great sandstorms. There are traces from production of clipfish in the 18th century and several German constructions from the Second World War.

 


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Copyright 2007, Hanspeter Hochuli, Ennetburgen, Switzerland
last updated:  20.07.2007